Volume 6 Issue 15

SPECIAL REPORT
PENROSE’S SHRINE TO THE SUN

NEWS, INFORMATION and COLUMNS
IAIN THOMAS IS IN JAPAN – ORAGAMI COOTIE CATCHERS
LESSONS FROM TWO FIRES IN CASTLE ROCK
EVERYONE LIKES SOLAR FREAKIN’ ROADWAYS!
REVIEW OF VEGAN CASSEROLES BY JULIE HASSON
MEMORIAL EULOGY FOR THE PRAIRIE DOGS
OLD IMAGES OF DENVER AND THE WEST
MOMENT OF ZEN - DRAWING CIRCLES
THE COST OF THE CIVIL WAR MEASURED BY BLOOD
CANADA ANNOUNCES VISAS ON ARRIVAL FOR INDIAN REFUGEES
ECLECTICA by Deepak Morris

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CANADA ANNOUNCES VISAS ON ARRIVAL FOR INDIAN REFUGEES

By Aaron Brachfeld - - - Minorities are being killed in India by Prime Minister Modi’s political party. Our source in India speculates darkly that “I'm guessing the only ones who'll actually arrive at Canada's shore will be HINDUS!”

THE COST OF THE CIVIL WAR MEASURED BY BLOOD

THE COST OF THE CIVIL WAR MEASURED BY BLOOD

By Gary Twohorse Green - - - Historians had calculated that about 10,000 battles, large and small, were fought in the United States, starting from Apr. 1861 through May 1865. 212 were fought in the Commonwealth of Virginia alone. There was only one civil war battle that took place in Idaho which was called the Massacre at Boa Ogoi. The Massacre at Boa Ogoi took place on January 29, 1863. There were no major battles fought in Ohio, but in July 1863 Confederate John Morgan and his cavalry force of about 1600 men raided through Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio and was met several times by state militia or regular US forces.
        In Ohio two separate skirmishes occurred, the first at Buffington Island on the Ohio River on the 19th, and the second happened well north of there at Salineville on the 26th. Salineville was not truly a battle, but What was left of Morgans command, about 400 men, were trapped by Union cavalry and they surrendered.
        The primary Civil War battles were all fought in the eastern US, with very few small fights in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona.
        St. Albans, Vermont, is the site of the northernmost land action in the Civil War, known as the St. Albans Raid. On October 19, 1864, Confederate raiders, under the command of Lieutenant Bennett H. Young, robbed three banks, escaped to Canada, were captured, and put on trial. The Canadian courts decided they were acting under military orders and they could not be extradited back to the United States without Canada violating her neutrality.
        The majority of Civil War battles happened in northern Virginia, between Washington D.C and Richmond (The CS capitol.).  Virginia was the site of most US Civil War battles. Among the best known are these, but not all inclusive are: The two Bull Runs, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg, Siege of Petersburg, Cold Harbor, Mechanicsville, Drewry's Bluff, Seven Pines, Hampton Roads, and Spotsylvania .
        At least 618,000 Americans died in the Civil War, and some experts say the toll reached 700,000. The number that is most often quoted is 620,000. At any rate, these casualties exceed the nation's loss in all its other wars, from the Revolution through Vietnam.
        The Union armies had from 2,500,000 to 2,750,000 men. Their losses, by the best estimates:Battle deaths:110,070 Disease, etc.:250,152 Total 360,222
        The Confederate strength, known less accurately because of missing records, was from 750,000 to 1,250,000. Its estimated losses: Battle deaths:94,000 Disease, etc.:164,000 Total258,000
        The leading authority on casualties of the war, Thomas L. Livermore, admitting the handicap of poor records in some cases, studied 48 of the war's battles and concluded: Of every 1,000 Federals in battle, 112 were wounded, of every 1,000 Confederates, 150 were hit. Mortality was greater among Confederate wounded, because of inferior medical service.
        Some of the great blood baths of the war came as Grant drove on Richmond in the spring of 1864- Confederate casualties are missing for this campaign, but were enormous. The Federal toll: The Wilderness, May 5-7:17,Spotsylvania, May 10 and 12:10,920 Drewry's Bluff, May 12-164,160 Cold Harbor, June 1-3:12,000 Petersburg, June 15-3016,569.  These total 61,315, with rolls of the missing incomplete.
        The Appomattox campaign, about ten days of running battles ending April 9, 1865, cost the Union about 11,000 casualties, and ended in the surrender of Lee's remnant of 26,765. Confederate dead and wounded in the meantime were about 6,500.
        Lesser battles are famous for their casualties. At Franklin, Tennessee, November 30, 1864, General Hood's Confederates lost over 6,000 of 21,000 effectives -most of them in about two hours. Six Confederate generals died there.
        Hood lost about 8,ooo men in his assault before Atlanta, July 22, 1864; Sherman's Union forces lost about 3,800.  The small battle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, August 10, 1861, was typical of the savagery of much of the war's fighting. The Union force Of 5,400 men lost over 1,200; the Confederates, over 11,000 strong, lost about the same number.
        The first battle of Manassas/Bull Run, though famous as the first large engagement, was relatively light in cost: 2,708 for the Union, 1,981 for the Confederates.  The casualty rolls struck home to families and regiments.  The Confederate General, John B. Gordon, cited the case of the Christian family, of Christiansburg, Virginia, which suffered eighteen dead in the war.
        The 1st Maine Heavy Artillery, in a charge at Petersburg, Virginia, 18 June, 1864, sustained a "record" loss of the war-635 of its 9oo men within seven minutes.  Another challenger is the 26th North Carolina, which lost 714, of its 800 men at Gettysburg-in numbers and percentage the war's greatest losses. On the first day this regiment lost 584 dead and wounded, and when roll was called the next morning for G Company, one man answered, and he had been knocked unconscious by a shell burst the day before. This roll was called by a sergeant who lay on a stretcher with a severe leg wound.  The 24th Michigan, a gallant Federal regiment which was in front of the North Carolinians on the first day, lost 362 of its 496 men.
        More than 3,000 horses were killed at Gettysburg, and one artillery battalion, the 9th Massachusetts, lost 80 of its 88 animals in the Trostle farmyard.
        A brigade from Vermont lost 1,645 Of its 2,100 men during a week of fighting in the Wilderness.
        The Irish Brigade, Union, had a total muster Of 7,000 during the war, and returned to New York in '65 with 1,000. One company was down to seven men. The 69th New York of this brigade lost 16 of 19 officers, and had 75 per cent casualties among enlisted men.
        In the Irish Brigade, Confederate, from Louisiana, Company A dwindled from 90 men to 3 men and an officer in March, '65. Company B went from 100 men to 2. 
        Experts have pointed out that the famed Light Brigade at Balaklava lost only 36.7 per cent of its men, and that at least 63 Union regiments lost as much as 50 per cent in single battles. At Gettysburg 23 Federal regiments suffered losses of more than half their strength, including the well-known Iron Brigade (886 of 1,538 engaged)
.       Many terrible casualty tolls were incurred in single engagements, like that of the Polish Regiment of Louisiana at Frayser's Farm during the Seven Days, where the outfit was cut to pieces and had to be consolidated with the 20th Louisiana. In this action one company of the Poles lost 33 of 42 men.
        One authority reports that Of 3,530 Indians who fought for the Union, 1,018 were killed, a phenomenally high rate. Of 178,975 Negro Union troops, this expert says, over 36,000 died.
        Some regimental losses in battle:Regiment Battle Strength Per Cent1st Texas, CSA Antietam 22682 .31st Minnesota, US Gettysburg 2628221st Georgia, CSA Manassas 242761 41st Pennsylvania, US Gettysburg 19875.7 101st New York, US Manass as 16873. 86th Mississippi, CSA Shiloh 42570. 525th Massachusetts, US Cold Harbor 31070 36th Wisconsin, US Bethesda Church 24069 20th Massachusetts, US Fredericksburg 23868. 48th Tennessee, CSA Stone's River 44468. 710th Tennessee, CSA Chickamauga 3286 88th Vermont, US Cedar Creek 15667. 9 Palmetto Sharpshooters, CSA Frayser's Farm 21567. 781st Pennsylvania, US Fredericksburg 26167.4
        Scores of other regiments on both sides registered losses in single engagements of above 50 per cent.

        Confederate losses by states, in dead and wounded only, and with many records missing (especially those of Alabama): North Carolina 20,602 Virginia 6,947 Mississippi6,807 South Carolina 4,760 Arkansas 3,782 Georgia 3,702 Tennessee 3,425 Louisiana 3,059 Texas1,260 Florida1,047 Alabama 724  (Statisticians recognize these as fragmentary, from a report of 1866; they serve as a rough guide to relative losses by states).  In addition to its dead and wounded from battle and disease, the Union listed: Deaths in Prison 24,866 Drowning 4,944 Accidental deaths 4,144 Murdered 520 Suicides 391 Sunstroke 31 3Military executions 26 7Killed after capture 104 Executed by enemy 64 Unclassified14,155.

MEMORIAL EULOGY FOR THE PRAIRIE DOGS

Loka Hatha Yoga - - - Death and change really shouldn’t shock anyone; we are constantly surrounded by them.  Here, we are confronted by the death of prairie dogs, and those other animals which lived in their colony. 
        All that is born must die.  All that begins must end.  But all that ends must begin again.  We all inherit the consequences of our actions – for better or worse.
        The men and women who killed these prairie dogs have destroyed life and have done something wrong.  But far worse, they are unaware that they have done something wrong.  They are unaware of the consequences of their actions.
        The men and women who hurl insults at what we hold sacred are unaware of the consequences of their actions.
        This is a moment to reflect on how we ourselves may be acting without awareness to the harm of other beings. 
        This is a moment to increase our awareness.  For the benefit of all beings, we recall to our awareness that
        There is suffering and distress.
        The cause of suffering and distress is ignorance, desire and hatred.
        Suffering and distress can be brought to an end.
        And we remember the path to that ending is love.


You are invited to participate on the first and third Sunday afternoon of every month here in Castle Rock for yoga and meditation instruction, or to participate with us as we undertake efforts to better the community.  Text your email to (719) 422-9536 to be added to our information list.

REVIEW OF VEGAN CASSEROLES BY JULIE HASSON

By Brooke Michelson - - - Meat eaters, I know what you are thinking: “I could never live without meat and cheese in a Casserole.”  But after reading Julie Hasson’s book, I’m going to say everyone probably can.  And if you are thinking, “man, if I go vegan there will be no more comfort food for me,” you ought to read Julie Hasson’s book.  It’s just not true!
        Vegans enjoy many comforts and live longer healthier lives as well as helping the environment. This book has all the classics like Potato Gratin (Truffled), Eggplant Parm, Green Bean Casserole, and even desserts like Cinnamon-Sugar Cheesecake Casserole, and Bread Pudding. 
        Hasson breaks down each recipe with clear directions, she gives cooking tips, recipe variations (for when you don’t have everything that you need, or like to improvise like I do), and gluten free options.  There are also sauce recipes, ‘Good Gravy’ being my favorite.  I’m going to try the ‘Nacho Cheesy Sauce’ next, and can’t wait! 

        I recommend this book for vegans looking for some of the foods they enjoyed when they ate meat, as well as for the meat eater or vegetarian who thinks they could never live without cheese.  This book is seriously yummy!

Everyone likes solar freakin' roadways!

By Brooke Michelson - - -  I recently watched a video on solar roadways.  You would like it too: https://youtu.be/qlTA3rnpgzU. It is an innovative idea – and we are in need of other innovative ideas like it.  Alternative energy needs our support. 

        This isn’t some hippie issue, or some lefty issue.  It is an everyone issue.  Unlike fuels like coal burning and fracking which cause so much pollution while enriching only a few, clean energy benefits all.  This is everyone’s world.  We all need to do the right thing, even if it is unpopular – but like the video asks, who wouldn’t want solar roadways?


LESSONS FROM TWO FIRES IN CASTLE ROCK

By Brooke Michelson - - - I first saw the fire from the windshield of my truck as I was on my way to the gym.  What I first thought was a grass fire I later learned was an old abandoned house burning down with the addition of the grass around it.  I still haven't found out how it started.  A house burned down, killing the resident inside, a few days later.
        Many fires (and much pollution) are caused by carelessness.  Some grass fires even start from cigarettes (or even joints, these days!) being thrown out the car windows. 
        I volunteer regularly to clean up Castle Rock’s roads, and roads in Douglas County too – and I can tell you the amount of trash thrown out of car windows is appalling.  Some of this trash is harmless enough, but much of it can cause secondary damage through pollution – such as by starting fires. 
        I have also noticed considerable amounts of single shot liquor bottles – these pollutants, while they won’t cause fires, do speak of other carelessness that can result in the deaths of innocent people through drunk driving.
        Such carelessness develops not out of awareness, but out of habit.  Take a moment to become aware of your habits – and please stop polluting.  Stop polluting our world – and yourself.  Work against carelessness in your entire life.  There are enough bad things in the world in the world already that you don't need to add to it with the garbage from your life (or your car). 
        These fires also created a lot of air pollution in the form of smoke.  So many people were complaining that our Town was covered with a haze – and it is true, you could smell the smoke even miles away!  And the haze lasted all morning, too! 
        But the smoke was harmless – unlike some of the other pollution which we breathe in every day without smelling it!
        Our cars and trucks, our power plants, our oil and gas development (especially fracking) emits invisible gasses which we cannot smell.  These travel for miles and miles – even into nearby Counties.  Unlike the more easily seen and smelled smoke from the fires, these actually can cause harm to us and our Town, increasing cancer rates and other disease, and damaging trees, contributing to acid rain, harming so many living creatures. 

        Fires are dangerous, and sometimes kill.  It is a good reason to remember how easily they can be prevented, how easy it is to be careful.  And also all the ways we use our air, how we depend on clean, wholesome air.  

ORAGAMI COOTIE CATCHERS

By Iain Thomas - - - Over the course of the past month, a selection of origami frogs, cranes, swans, rockets, boxes, helmets, shurikens, and other doodads has slowly built up on the windowsill of my classroom. The "Iain Gallery," as we call it, serves as a great conversation starter. It lets students provide their own unique contribution or nostalgically recall their childhood. Beyond that, it can also provide an easy vocabulary lesson. This is a crane; this is a swan; and this is…
        Well, its most literal name is "paper fortune teller," but American English speakers might call it a "cootie catcher." The word "catcher" is easy enough to explain, but "cootie?" How does one relate an imaginary childhood disease in simple English? Moreover, what are cooties anyway?
        Consider this issue from an issue of Popular Mechanics from 1944 entitled "Our Next World War—Against Insects": "the familiar 'cooties' of the last World War are keeping troops busy scratching when not fighting Axis foes." Insects, in general, but especially lice encountered during the first World War propagated the use of the word "cooties." The history of the word before that is unclear.
        Similarities to the word "kuto" in Tagalog suggest an Austronesian origin, but how this word arrived in the trenches of Europe from Southeast Asia is anyone's guess.
        The American paper trail is clearer. In the Polio Epidemic of the 1950s, Folklorist Simon Bronner writes, "[cooties] became children's way to dramatize the dread of the disease while also bringing out social relations… on cleanliness and appearance." A pocket book from 1977 by Tom Ferrell then wraps it up by saying "the purpose of the cootie-catcher… is to stupefy your friends by showing them their hair is full of lice."

        Because we all have lice. Luckily origami can fix that.

OBSERVERS BANNED FROM VOTER VALIDATION IN CASTLE ROCK

By Aaron Brachfeld - - - The Town of Castle Rock has denied requests from petitioners requesting a referendum on a rezoning ordinance to observe the validation of voters that signed the petition.  Petitioners turned in approximately 3000 signatures, or about 1000 more than was required.  Comment from the Town was not available at the time of publication. 

TOWN DEFENDS INTERFERENCE WITH PETITION

By Aaron Brachfeld - - - The Town of Castle Rock defended the use of public funds to encourage voters not to sign a petition for referendum regarding a rezoning ordinance, explaining that it was not actually encouraging people to support the new zoning: “There is no legal constraint on Town officials making known to the community the basis for Town Council action on matters of general public interest.  If and when an election is set on the referendum and the ballot question is fixed, the Fair Campaign Practices Act (FCPA) is then operative. The FCPA prohibits the expenditure of public funds to persuade the electorate on the ballot question. Of course, at this point there is no ballot question.”